Do You Have a Double Chin? And Is It a Problem?
A double chin often goes hand in hand with a weight problem although not necessarily obese. And being overweight is often the route cause of poor self-esteem and a lack of self-confidence.
Making the decision to either lose enough weight to make a visible and noticeable difference to your jawline and to firm your neck and chin area is easy enough but putting the weight loss program into practice is another thing.
Diet and exercise is the natural way to lose excess body fat, but not necessarily enough on its own to get rid of double chin, and you may have heard about and be considering double chinor neck liposuction.
Methods for double chinpreviously included facelifts or chin tucks, and were often used when trying to lose double chins or just reduce double chins, but the recovery time was fairly slow and there were more side effects compared to the current more effective method of double chin removal using tumescent liposuction. Double chin cosmetic surgery also left more scarring than liposuction.
Double Chin Removal – Liposuction for Double Chin
The removal of a double chin or chins is now so much easier with tumescent liposuction. Double chin liposuction is performed using small cannulas or micro-cannula (no more than 2mm in diameter) and because the cannula is so small, only a minute incision is required in the skin through which it is to be inserted.
The recovery time for double chin liposuction is relatively quick therefore because a small incision takes less time to heal and leaves a smaller scar, which no doubt will be hidden anyway.
Double chin and neck liposuction, using the tumescent method, will not require a general– because the tumescent liposuction technique uses a solution of epinephrine to reduce bleeding and Lidocaine as an anaesthetic, the side effects and complications of double chin surgery are dramatically reduced.
As with most liposuction procedures, there will be some swelling and bruising but a compression garment will be provided and you will need to wear this for the specified time to speed your recovery.
Double Chin Liposuction Cost
Double chin liposuction can cost anywhere in the region of $1,500 to $5,000. It is not a cheap procedure, however it does give excellent results for those who have dieted and exercised and the neck area is resistant to both of these.
Always make sure that you get a quote from a reliable and experienced liposuction surgeon from a reputable liposuction clinic. Many liposuciton clinics will offer liposuction financing as part of the package if you require to make your payment in installments, but few health insurance companies include neck liposuction or liposuction for double chin reduction.
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Types of Para-Surgical Solutions:
Hugely popular in the US, collagen instantly pulls nose-to-mouth creases, frown lines, acne pits and sunken scars. A diluted form is used for crows feet and around the eyes. Collagen is the protein that gives skin a firm, plump foundation.
A purified extract from cowhide is injected with ultra-fine needles into thewhere the skin has collapsed into lines. Two or three treatments, two weeks apart, may he needed to fill the area fully. The area will then need to he topped up every three to six months. Collagen can also be injected directly into the lips to plump them or into the upper contour to enhance the Cupids bow. Top-ups are usually needed every couple of months.
Collagen is mixed with microscopic spheres of methyl methacrylate. Within three months of injection, the skin produces natural collagen fibres that hold the plastic spheres in place. You may still need a top up, but the effects can last up to three years. On lips the collagen/plastic sphere mix may give a fullness that remains for two years.
This gel contains hyaluronidase, a natural component of skin which plumps and cushions the connective tissue between cells. Because it is non-immunogenic, the body accepts injections of it without reaction. The skin swells, reddens and bruises after injection. but this is relatively mild and subsides in a couple of days. Top ups are recommended every five to 12 months.
A synthetic textile widely used in surgery to reconstruct tissue. In, it is implanted in the skin to pad out nose-to-mouth lines and augment thin lips. A viable alternative to collagen, it is non-allergenic and permanent, although it can also be removed. The line-filling is an out-patient procedure done under local . Afterwards, pain and swelling is inevitable and takes about a week to subside. As a cosmetic treatment for lips, Gore-Tex is approved in the UK, but not in the USA where it is used to plump up lines only.
Botulism toxin is becoming increasingly popular as an antidote to a furrowed brow. Small amounts injected directly into the muscle causes temporary paralysis – you literally can’t frown, or raise your brows for that matter. Crows feet can also be treated: lines are less noticeable five days afterwards. However, there are risks: if the wrong muscles are paralysed, eyebrows can droop until the Botox wears off – usually in three to six months.
Dermabrasion, Chemical and AHA Peels
Dermabrasion is the traditional resurfacing treatment for pitted, acne-scarred skin, superficial lines and brown freckles. This mechanical scouring is carried out by a rotating wire brush or diamond “emery” wheel under local or general anaesthetic. It planes off the skins surface layers and stimulates the production of collagen and smooth, new skin. Skin is agonisingly painful, bleeds, swells then scabs. Once the scab falls off (seven to 10 days later) tender, red skin is revealed. The angriness subsides over three months.
Chemical peeling involves burning off the top layers of skin with an acid. Deepest acting is phenol, a toxic substance that corrodes and may scar if it penetrates too deeply; Patients are sedated and must wear a pressurized bandage for 48 hours after treatment. When the bandage comes off, it rips the outer skin layer with it, which is horrifically painful.
More widely used and predictable is trichloroacetic acid (TCA), which requires only an anaesthetic cream before it is painted on the skin. This is less painful with marginally less scabbing. but redness still lasts a good three months. Most popular these days are light or “mini” peels carried out with mild TCA or alpha-hydroxy (fruit) acids.
One of the newest clinical treatments involves glycolic acid at a concentration of up to 90 per cent. It can encourage surface desquamation without long-term scabbing or redness. No anaesthetic is needed and the peel can be done in a lunch hour.
Lasers are fast replacing both scalpels andin cosmetic surgery treatments. These computer-linked, high energy light beams can be concentrated to precision-cut or used at a lower diffusion to ablate, or peel, the skin surface during “resurfacing” treatments. Lasers enable surgeons to carry out treatments with more control and accuracy. During “cutting” for example, the laser seals blood vessels as slices, so reducing bleeding and tissue damage. Because there is also less bruising and swelling, wounds heal faster within two rather than the conventional four weeks after surgery.
During resurfacing, the surgeon can accurately control the depth to which the laser ablates the skin. Older skins heal just as quickly as young skins after resurfacing treatments. Lasers also work faster. so patients are under anaesthetic for a shorter time and sometimes only a local anaesthetic is needed. They also allow two procedures to be carried out in a single operation – a lift plus resurfacing – without having to leave a two or three month gap in between.
LASERS AND THEIR USES:
Lines, and acne scars
Lasers Used: Carbon Dioxide
What happens: The laser travels to and fro across the skin, burning off the surface layer to encourage the formation of new smooth skin to take its place. Resurfacing works best on paler skins which absorb laser light more readily than darker skins on which a bleaching cream must be used before and after treatment to prevent uneven pigmentation. Lines around lips can be treated and occasionally hands. After successful resurfacing, skin looks smoother and firmer. Those who suffer fungal infections of the nail must take additional drugs to prevent cross-infection. Loose, turkey necks don’t respond well to laser treatment; the neck scars easily and lasers don’t tighten slack skin.
Risks: You have weepy, crusty skin tor up to five days after a resurfacing treatment, then itching for two to three weeks. Perhaps the biggest blow is that skin stays bright red and shiny – rather like a bad dose of sunburn – for six to eight weeks. If you’re really unlucky, this redness can persist for tour months or so it the laser has seered the skin too deeply. Also, it the surgeon holds the laser in one area for too long, the concentrated burn penetrates the deepest tissue layers and results in a lumpy, bumpy scar. During the critical red phase, sunblock must be worn constantly to protect the vulnerable new skin, which can blister on exposure to ultraviolet light.
Broken “spider” veins on face and legs
Lasers used: Pulse dye and copper bromide
What happens: Pulse dye lasers cauterize by exploding blood cells in the capillary. Bruising lasts for two weeks. Copper bromide lasers burn oft cells in the vein lining, so that it withers and dies. Crusting on the skin surface is minimal. Lasers treat small leg veins only as they cannot reach deeper, larger veins with thicker walls. But they can be used to treat surface “spiders” in conjunction with sclerotherapy, which treats deeper veins.
Risks: Results are permanent on the veins treated. But lasers can”: stop you developing further broken veins. Treatment is most successful it veins are caught early.
Age spots, brown birthmarks and tattoos
Lasers used: Q Switch Nd-YAG, ruby or alexandrite
What happens: Lasers are chosen according to the colour of the blemish. They work by “selective photothermolysys” – pigmented areas absorb the laser heat more than surrounding skin. The laser breaks up pigment into micro-particles which are metabolized by the body.
Risks: After two or three sessions, results are permanent, but work better on brown spots than tattoos, which have only a 20 per cent success rate. Elaborate tattoos may take up to l5 sessions to treat and patients are often left with a faded “ghost”. Suntanned skin is difficult to treat as the pigments act as a filter.
Red birthmarks and port wine stains
Lasers used: Pulsed Dye, Nd-YAG
What happens: Some birthmarks are notoriously stubborn so a patch test must be done to determine which laser will work best and how the area will respond. Pulse dye lasers are used in 80 per cent of cases.
Risks: As for broken veins. Several sessions may be needed to fade the birthmark permanently.
Being unhappy because of the size of their calves seems to be the norm for many women nowadays. Alas, a lot of women are complaining that their legs are way too big, specifically their calves, although fortunately for them, there is now a highly effective procedure that can help resolve this situation – calf reduction surgery.
Having said that, as the body fat in this particular area is usually shallow or superficial, it really is extremely difficult to get rid of merely by using eating habits and also by doing exercises.
Because of this, calf reduction treatment has fast become very well liked in recent times. Final results of fat removal surgery methods in the past, were known to be relatively poor or simply inadequate. Whilst thinner calves were created, they lacked an attractive contour and tended to be shapeless.
At present, brand-new and also much better lipo treatment procedures can now focus on the contours of the lower-leg, making the calves look more natural because they produce a convex profile which becomes smaller as it tapers down toward the ankle joint. A delicate curving from the lower leg down to the ankle joint may easily be achieved using a “circumferential” method as a result of small incisions at the back and front of the ankle joint and of the knee. The muscle definition of the leg is then much more apparent.
Calf reduction surgery is now considerably less risky due to the advancement of technology and knowledge. Possible risks of the surgery, nonetheless, is often down to muscular and fibrous density within the lower leg, and the location of very important nerves and blood vessels. The operating surgeon has to give attention to this region to avoid any damage.
Reduction surgery is carried out by means ofin the location where the pockets of surplus fat are placed, and as the excess fat inside the calf is superficial, potential risk of destroying the subdermal vascular plexus can be increased substantially – for this reason as well as the effects of gravitational forces after awhile, the small blood vessels located within this area are then significantly more liable to long-term vascular problems.
It is best to search for a good surgeon who is qualified and who has adequate knowledge in conducting calf reduction surgery expertly. The procedure normally takes from two to three hours and can take longer in the event that, along with the calf, the ankle, knee or thigh are also treated. Recovery takes up to a few weeks.
Through the rehabilitation stage, the patient typically wears a special pressure stocking to hold their newly shaped calf in its place. Quite often, you are able to get back to your workplace on the 3rd working day. Going for walks or light fitness activities can generally be started again about four weeks following the medical procedure.
With improvements in the development of “body sculpting” techniques, most patients are generally delighted with the results of their calf reduction surgery or calf liposuction surgery. These individuals are often so satisfied that they take enormous delight in uncovering their thighs and calves to put on shorts or skirts during warm summer days.
Women are sometimes unhappy with the way they appear to others and that includes the actual shape and size of their breasts. Quite a few women are envious of other women, wishing their breasts to be a lot more like those of women they know or simply admire in the public attention.
Of course breast augmentations are cosmetic surgical procedures, however, there may be instances when the operation is conducted because of necessity due to some medical reason, and this can even involvein the case of mastectomy followed by breast reconstruction. Nevertheless, when physical exercises, pills and products don’t make a blind amount of difference, breast implant surgery may be the answer.
Puberty, which causes major changes in a girl’s body, and her glands and secretions make her breasts grow, but this depends a great deal on genetics, body structure, body fat percentage and so on. A physician can easily improve what a woman already has with the aid ofimplants, yet he may have to reconstruct new breasts if a mastectomy surgery procedure is necessary due to breast cancer.
Whilst cosmetic breast enhancement procedures are usually straight forward nowadays, often only taking between two and 4 hours to do, although obviously, as with any surgical procedure, there are some possible problems and complications. Breast implants can occasionally be uncomfortable and the woman can potentially develop an allergic reaction to them, which could in some circumstances, bring about pain.
Cosmetic breast procedures can occasionally have its problems, and the breast augmentation implants may even need to be taken out and replaced. Seeping from or rupture of the implants can on occasion happen if the breast augmentations that were used were of inferior quality. If the breast augmentation implants that have been used, contain saline, which is salt water, the body should be able to re-absorb it, however the breast augmentation implants will then end up being empty or misshapen, leaving the breasts in a particularly unsatisfactory state.A few individual cases when patients have complained that the breast implant’s gone wrong, do sometimes take place, but these are generally outweighed by the successful situations. Although bleeding, edema or even swelling is generally not necessarily a result of the procedure and its recovery, a few instances here and there have these kinds of complaints.
It is recommended that your groundwork into locating a great surgeon – be as thorough as possible, so that you prevent treatment that may lead to problems. There have been many cases of breast implants gone wrong, so, to ensure you’re not the next statistic, follow this advice and click these links to read more:
1. Ensure you check the surgeon’s credentials
2. Be aware of potential breast implant complications
3. Ensure you know how to communicate your expectations
4. Choose the best breast implants
As little as 20 years ago, it was believed that the speed and degree to which your complexion crinkled was based largely on your genetic inheritance. We now know differently.
Certain hereditary factors influence how your skin will age. You inherit your skin type. You may also inherit a familial tendency to eye bags, saddle bags, a double chin or any of the other expression lines which mark out the older face from a carefree young one. Your gender, too, will affect the rate at which time takes its toll. There is, as yet, nothing you can do to change the hand you were dealt at conception. However, the appropriate skincare regime and/or a few judiciously chosen cosmetic surgery procedures can help you to make the very best of what you were born with — and to keep it.
The effect of skin type
The type of skin you have determines both how your skin feels and how it behaves. As you may or may not know, your skin type forms the basis for the sort of skincare regime you might wish to follow and for what sun protection you should use. It also affects, but is not solely responsible for, how your skin will stand the test of time.
Generally speaking, pale skin tends to wrinkle more rapidly than darker skin. This is largely because a darker skin tends to have more surface lipids to seal it against moisture loss, and more melanin to protect itself. On the other hand, the manyusually seen on fine, fair skin tend to be the light, crinkly variety while the thicker and subcutis of the darker skin can sometimes mean its owner is more likely to develop fewer, but deeper, creases.
Wrinkles apart, other age-related changes, too, affect the different skin types: age spots, or brown spots may not be prevalent in paler skins that don’t produce much melanin, but dark and numerous in an olive-skinned person who has been exposed regularly to the sun.
The thicker skin with a heavier subcutis may also be more prone to skin sag which might explain why an olive-skinned man can lose the definition of his jawline, while his Celtic wife’s face, despite being traced with fine lines, remains firmly defined.
How wrinkles form
Unlike the skin on your body which lies in sheets over the muscle, the facial skin is knitted to the musculature beneath with fingers of muscle protruding up into the dermis. This gives the face its extraordinary range of expression: it allows us to laugh, frown, scowl, smile or raise our eyebrows. How and where your face folds or creases to allow for such movements is determined both by your genes and the facial habits you develop in your lifetime. When you are young the dermis is firm and elastic enough to snap back into place and the subcutis, too, immediately smoothes down into its normal resting shape.
As you age, however, the dermis loses its spring-back capacity and the subcutaneous layer of fat ceases to return to its smooth, even state. Eventually, usually around your 40s or 50s, the puckers can no longer iron out at all and lines are indelibly etched onto your face. These changes can be kept at bay with good skincare, but a sun-weakened dermis will cease to spring back into youthful shape much earlier than a well-protected one.
More of What’s Under Your Skin
You are literally covered in skin – in fact about 2 sq metres (21/2 sq yd) of it. It’s only about 4 mm (1/8 in) at its thickest, on the soles of your feet, but weighs in total about 4 kg (9 lbs), or 7 per cent of your total body weight.
Your skin protects your internal organs, lets your body breathe, and helps you resist bacteria and infection. It is not, however, simply an inert, squishy envelope which keeps all the really vital bits of your body together: your skin is, in fact, itself an organ. At its most basic level, it protects us but, like our other vital organs, it performs a number of exchange functions, absorbing what’s useful to us and secreting what is damaging. However, unlike your other organs, your skin is on permanent display. It is, literally and metaphorically, the face you show to the world. How our skin functions is of almost no day-to-day concern, not least because, for most of us, it does its job perfectly and unremarkably. The pressing concern most of us have is more superficial; we care about how our skin looks.
A clear, smooth, glowingly healthy complexion is the ideal that we all seek. Some of us are lucky enough to have it naturally, others have to actively pursue it. Whether you are trying to improve your complexion or just keep the one you’ve got, you’ll be better able to do so by understanding more of how your skin works, what it’s made up of, and what is actually happening when it starts to wrinkle or develop spots.
Your skin’s function
Your skin is your protective barrier to harmful external substances such as bacteria, foreign bodies, chemicals and UV light. It also helps to retain your water electrolytes and other essential body fluids.
Skin is your body’s heat regulator, cooling you with sweat when hot, and restricting the blood supply to the extremities when it is cold. And by sending out pain signals, it helps safeguard you from potentially fatal injury.
Your skin is made up of three distinct layers: the(top layer), the (the middle layer) and the subcutis (the bottom layer).
This is the highly metabolically active top layer in which skin cells and pigment are ‘manufactured’. The horny outer layer is the stratum corneum.
From their place of origin in the lower epidermis, new cells go on a month-long journey towards the surface. For the first two weeks, as they travel through the living epidermis, these cells are round, plump and with a fully functioning nucleus. But as they near the summit, they shriveland flatten out the nucleus begins to break down and they fillwith a tough protein called keratin. This process is called cornification. By the time the cells reach the surface they are flat, scaly, desiccated versions of their former selves. And as such, they are perfectly poised to fulfill their final role — that of protecting you from the outside world.
What you see when you look at your skin is the stratum corneum. It is made up from between 18 to 23 layers of these flat dry skin cells cemented together into a defensive wall by a cocktail of fatty compounds such as lipids, peptides, ceramides and sebum. The primary function of any skincare regime is to keep this wall as solid as possible. It is your best bet for great looking, problem-free skin. Unfortunately, however, the stratum corneum is relatively easily damaged — by the sun’s rays and also by the detergents and surfactants we use for cleansing.
As new cells push up to the skin’s surface from beneath, the dead scaly ones are invisibly sloughed off to form dust (or fodder for the dust mite). In your lifetime, you will make and lose on average several kg of skin. The process of shedding skin is called desquamation.
Also contained in the epidermis are the spidery-shaped melanocytes, which produce the skin’s natural pigment, melanin. Whatever our colouring or race, we all have a similar number of melanocytes. The difference lies in the amount of melanin each produces. Melanin is a dark treacley substance that is manufactured in response to ultraviolet assault. It migrates into individual cells to form a physical umbrella over the nucleus to protect it against sun damage. It is also a fabulously potent neutralizer of skin-ageing free radicals.
The more melanin you produce, the darker your skin and the better protected it is from ultraviolet damage. Very pale skin produces almost no melanin, or if it does, it tends to be a poor-quality variety (phaeomelanin) which often coagulates into all but useless clumps, or freckles. Black skin, on the other hand, produces copious amounts of really useful, and evenly distributed eumelanin. Nevertheless, even the darkest black skins are estimated to offer a natural sun protection factor () of only about 10.
This middle layer is deep and spongy containing collagen and elastin which acts like a supportive, elastic mattress to the epidermis. Up to 3 mm (1/8 in) thick, the dermis is your skin’s main foundation. It is an unseen supportive network that forms a firm resilent basis for what sits on top. About 95 per cent of the dermis is made up of collagen, the body’s wondrous shock asborber — found everywhere in the body from skin and muscles to tendons and cartilage.
Elastin makes up about 3 per cent of the dermis. As its name implies, it is a stretchy substance, its fibres arranged into springy coils which enables the skin to snap back into place after moving or being pulled.
Hair follicles sit in the depths of the dermis along with sebaceous (or oil) glands and sweat glands. Sebaceous glands are attached alongside the hair follicle, feeding off the same blood supply and using the hair shaft as a natural passageway to get sebum, the skin’s natural oil, up to the surface where it spreads out to form a good barrier against moisture loss. Sweat glands have a dual role: firstly, they work to extract excess salts and other toxins, using water to wash them away. Secondly, they help lower a hot body’s temperature by releasing liquid onto the skin which evaporates and reduces the heat. A variety of receptor corpuscles are situated in the dermis and are responsible for sensation — touch, vibration, pressure and warm and cold feelings.
The dermis supports and feeds the epidermis with all the nutrients, vitamins and chemicals it needs to produce an effective barrier. It runs the skin’s repair, immune and sensory systems, and produces sebum and sweat. It also protects your vital organs from UV damage and injury.
Consisting mainly of fat cells interspersed with blood vessels, bundles of nerve fibres and some fingers of muscle fibre, the subcutis acts as a protective cushion for what lies above and below. It also supports the blood vessels and muscle and nerve fibres. Its depth, not surprisingly, depends on how fat you are; it may be several centimetres deeper over your buttocks while over the eyelids it may be just a few cells thick.
As good as it gets
Frustratingly, this happy state of affairs when your skin glows with youthful clarity and vigour and requires nothing from you in return, persists only as long as you remain oblivious of it — from the age of six months through until the onset of puberty. However, the good news is that there is now an infinitely greater understanding of how and why the skin ages and what can be done to preserve its youthful condition. Keeping your skin looking as fantastic at 46 as it did at six may not be the sinecure it once was, but with careful preventive measures, and a few of the really effective cures currently becoming available, great-looking skin can be yours at any age.
Surgeons have been improving facial aesthetics for thousands of years, but until the nineteenth century these improvements were nothing more than an unexpected by-product of plastic surgery conducted to improve function. We can credit the ancient Egyptians, working as far back as 3000 BC, with the first attempts to repair facial trauma, though these experiments were largely disastrous. From here, the history fast-forwards to India, where the Hindu physician and author Sushruta, working in c. 600 BC, detailed the efforts of physicians to reconstruct earlobes and noses that had been severed as a punishment dished out by the Hindu justice system of the time.
Reconstructive surgery continued to develop and Is recorded through Roman times, but the practice fell dramatically out of favour during the Middle Ages. A rebirth in research came with the Renaissance, with texts written in Turkish Islamic and Italian which show a deepening understanding of the treatment of gynaecomastia (the presence of breast tissue in males) and nose reconstruction.
Reconstructive surgery seems to have taken until the end of the eighteenth century to reach Europe, at which point its history began a slow but constantly evolving progress, as techniques became refined and environments improved. However, attempts at cosmetic improvement remained a secondary consideration (and therefore aesthetically disastrous) for many years to come.
Cosmetic surgery as a discipline in its own right doesn’t begin to mature until the discovery ofin the middle of the nineteenth century. Thereafter, expanded at a tremendous rate and operations became increasingly safe, as surgeons could concentrate on surgery knowing that patients were not in pain and that they were being looked after by anaesthetists. Procedures such as facelifting, eyelid surgery, rhinoplasty, abdominoplasty and ear surgery were in development from the turn of the twentieth century. During this time, progress was slow and the procedures were done largely out of sight, because of the general lack of acceptance of this type of intervention.
Before the Second World War, cosmetic surgery was considered unethical and even immoral. Nevertheless, some plastic surgeons practised it in secret, even though most of them denied being involved in it in any way. Many ‘cosmetic surgeons’ during this time had no form of medical training and so simply practised what they thought was right, often inventing new procedures by experimenting on their patients. However unsavoury, this period created the foundations for what we now know as cosmetic surgery.
With the Second World War came huge advances in surgical techniques. Surgery as a whole experienced a vast expansion mainly owing to the lessons learned from the treatment of war injuries, but also thanks to the introduction of penicillin and better anaesthetics. Gradually, surgeons applied their experience in trauma and major surgery to cosmetic surgery; however, their efforts remained hidden because of the entrenched media and public hostility to intervention. In the fifties, cosmetic surgery was the preserve of the rich and famous, who wanted the aesthetic benefits surgery could bring but wanted their use of it to remain a secret. And where Hollywood stars led, the public slowly began to follow.
By the sixties, technological innovations in cosmetic surgery had come to the attention of the media, and public opinion began to shift. One development to have a big impact was the introduction of the silicone breast implant in 1962, which meant that the dream of increasing breast size became a tangible reality. Another important development that significantly improved the aesthetic possibilities of the field was the discovery that the endoscope (a sort of small telescope with a camera attached) could be used in cosmetic surgery to create operations that left only small scars on the skin’s surface. Perhaps the biggest impact on the public’s perception, however, came with the possibilities presented by the introduction in the eighties of liposuction, which rocketed to being the most popular surgical procedure available today.
The history of cosmetic procedures arguably began with the manipulation of botulinum toxin after its discovery in 1895. The next major development was the introduction of injectable collagen, which was followed by numerous other fillers and countless other procedures. Recently, the ability to manipulate laser and heat energy have meant that cosmetic procedures are now more sophisticated than ever.
Where Should You Begin?
You begin through defining your reasonable and realistic goals – what it is you would like cosmetic breast surgery to attain for you. Try to be specific, be realistic, and remain at ease and comfortable when discussing these goals.
Then go over your goals with a qualified provider – surgeon at a Board Certified Clinic. Discuss, listen, make notes, and ask lots of questions. If you don’t understand the answers that you are given, or even if you don’t feel comfortable with the supplier giving the responses, seek advice from an additional provider who again, is qualified.
At the start, this process might appear simplistic, but without a doubt it isn’t. There are numerous questions to ask, significant amounts of information to evaluate, choices to make and decisions to manage, and emotional as well as physical experiences to handle, all in understanding your goals as well as in defining exactly what is possible for you, personally. This whole experience is crucial for your safety and complete satisfaction with cosmetic breast surgery.
Maybe the most important element of successfulsurgery is to express your goals and also expectations, realistically, and also to have what can be realistically accomplished through breast surgical procedure defined to you by your provider. This is necessary to avoid an unfulfilled situation where the benefits of the breast surgical procedure do not fulfill your expectations.
If you’ve been referred for breast surgery to diagnose breast illness or disease, or happen to have already been diagnosed with breast disease, your primary and vital resource through your knowledge, will be your own main care provider associated with women’s health and who ought to be involved and available to you during your treatment period.
If you’re researching cosmetic breast surgery for yourself or for a friend, you will find the following articles of great interest:
What are? Breast implants are specialized medical products which are inserted, by means of surgery, into the patient’s body in order to:
• Enhance as well as increase the size of the breast and improve the overall shape in click here for more information about breast augmentation surgery;surgery;
• Bring back a far more regular look to a woman’s body that is possibly lacking a breast as a result of a hereditary anomaly or even birth defect. Breast implants were first introduced in the early 1960s in the USA, primarily pertaining to augmentation purposes. However, It was not until 1976 when breast augmentation implants were subject to United States FDA (Food and Drug Administration) regulations.
All breast augmentation implants that are in use at the present time in the U.S., are reviewed by the United States FDA Center for Devices and Radiological Health and have to be approved by the U.S. FDA. before use. All of the approved breast augmentation implants have an external covering of bio-compatible strong silicone rubber, which is of medical-grade.
• Breast implants sanctioned purely for augmentation or enlargement purposes contain only a saline solution which is sterile.
• Breast implants approved purely for reconstructive usage are filled with either silicone or saline.
Breast augmentation implants are operatively positioned via incisions in the patient’s body, either:
• Underneath existing breast tissue but over the top of the chest muscle tissues
• Underneath the muscles of the chest wall
• Underneath a flap of muscle tissue repositioned on the chest wall
When your skin is functioning at its best from 6 months to puberty:
- The stratum corneum is a smooth, tight wall of neat cells bound together by slippery ceramides and sebum – enough to keep the skin moist and supple, but not so much as to cause pore blockages and spots. Water is locked behind this wall and the passage of foreign invaders is blocked. The desquamation process is efficient with dead skin cells being easily and evenly shed so that your complexion looks and feels smooth.
- Your skin tone is bright because the fine, clear stratum comeum allows blood and colour to glow from below.
- The makes copious numbers of perfect new skin cells, and melanin is evenly distributed throughout it.
- Any damage done to the skin at this stage is quickly repaired: bits of damaged DNA are taken out and replacement parts are rapidly dispatched while any wounds are hastily repaired.
- Your subcutis is plump and even, giving your face and body the smooth, even contours of youth.
Through the ages – how your skin changes :
All skin goes through a natural aging process through the decades. Some of the changes are inevitable; others, happily, are perfectly preventable, and every woman is interested in preventing wrinkles forming, so being armed with the facts before they start can be a great help.
In your teens
Up until puberty, your skin should generally look bright and clear. But already the effects of ultraviolet light are even being indelibly etched onto your epidermal blueprint, but the damage won’t become apparent for some years yet — if at all — provided you start wearing SPF15 every day.
As adolescence strikes, however, those pesky hormones which are responsible for the dramatic changes throughout your body, also boost the production of the natural skin oil, sebum.
Thought to be a primeval protective response to impending adulthood, a more negative side-effect of this increased oil is the dreaded spots.
As the sebum flows freely from the sebaceous glands, dead skin cells adhere to it and the skin and hair pores get blocked up. An uninfected blocked pore is a blackhead, while ones infected with bacteria become red raised pimples or whiteheads. You can help prevent spots by washing your face with specialist over-the-counter washes (look for ones containing salicylic acid or benzoylperoxide), but if the spots become a real worry, consult a dermatologist for specialist acne treatment.
Despite the increased oil and subsequent spots, cell generation is still running at its all time high of about a 28-day turnover during your teens. Theis still plump, and its collagen and elastin are still perfectly cross linked and coiled.
In your 20s
Your twenties should be another reasonably stable time for your skin. By now any teenage spots should have subsided. (If not seek specialist treatment.) You probably won’t have any visible facial lines, but if you look in the mirror as you talk, laugh or scowl you will see where your ‘expression’ lines will form. Your stratum corneum may be slightly less even and marginally thicker as dead skin cells aren’t being shed quite as successfully. However, your epidermis is still plump and should hold up well — provided you keep it well protected, Turnover of new cells, however, may have slowed slightly from its 28-day peak.
If you are wearing sun-filtering day creams your skin is protected, but if not it is in your dermis that the greatest changes are taking place. The daily wear-and-tear wrought by UVA radiation could now be taking the bounce and spring out of your collagen bundles and elastin coils. Production of collagen is slowing, the bundles are less uniformly cross linked, elastin coils less tightly sprung.
In your 30s
Your complexion starts to lose some of its youthful bloom as cell turnover slows and the stratum corneum fills with desiccated cells. A cosmetic alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) preparation or a stronger dermatologist-prescribed one will soon get you glowing again.
The epidermal cells are suffering more mutations picked up through environmental damage, although signs of this damage may not yet be visible. If you haven’t worn them yet, then starting to use highday creams now will not only keep any further deterioration at bay, but can actually give your skin a chance to do some repair work.
Your dermis is beginning to lose some of its volume and bounce: collagen fibres are no longer as efficiently meshed and the elastin coils aren’t quite as tight. Moreover, as you smile and frown, the fat of the subcutis is pushed into trenches. Gradually, it becomes less likely to return to its original smooth shape — and the-dreadedstart to form. However, they are a good few years away yet and the way that cosmetic dermatology is advancing there will be even more options for reducing wrinkles than already exist.
In your 40s
Sebum production is markedly reduced, which is a boon for people with oily skins. If your skin was always normal to dry, you will benefit from some of the highly efficient moisturizers that are now available. A good moisturizer can do wonders to plump up fine dry lines and generally make your complexion look fresher and brighter. Also many of today’s skin rehydrators are exceedingly light in texture so are very comfortable to wear.
Your stratum corneum is becoming thicker as more dead skin cells linger long after their useful life. Some light exfoliation will help, as will AHA preparations. If you feel you need to turn time back, rather than just slowing it down, you might like to investigate the wrinkle-smoothing powers of some of the retinoid (vitamin-A derivative cream) preparations,
Darker patches of skin appear where abnormal melanin clumps form, but these can be lightened with topical preparations or will eventually fade if fully protected. Expression lines may now be permanently etched onto your face. Your laughter lines should be a welcome reminder of good times past, but to soften a deeply entrenched frown line, an injection ofor a syringe full of Hyalan gel will do the trick.
Tiny dilated, ‘spider’ or thread veins, may become visible as your weaker dermis is less able to hold firm the walls of the blood vessels which meander through it. These can be temporarily covered with make-up or permanently removed with lasers.
For as yet unknown reasons, the cells which until now produced your hair colour, cease to do so.
In your 50s
This is the decade during which, if you haven’t been using regular sunscreens, earlier sun damage really becomes apparent. If the discovery that ultraviolet rays, and not the natural ageing process, are to blame for many of the changes has come too late for you, be reassured that you can still give your skin a chance of repairing itself by using SPF1 5 daily. It will help to slow down the formation of wrinkles, ‘age’ spots, spider veins and also the benign solar keratoses growths which often proliferate in this decade. If it’s cure rather than prevention you’re after, the new generation of cosmeceuticals can deliver impressive results, or you could opt for the more dramatic improvement given by laser treatment.
The effects of the menopause become apparent: decreased oestrogen slows the production of sebum further contributing to skin dryness. But many women find HRT or alternative remedies are a great boon to the appearance of their skin, hair and nails as well as to their general health and wellbeing.
In your 60s, 70s and beyond
The hormonal fluctuations which dogged your menopausal years are over and your skin enters a welcome period of relative stability. If you have regularly shielded your skin from UV rays, you will be enjoying a complexion that is smoother, brighter and less mottled than your sun-seeking counterparts. If not, and you are suffering from rucks, wrinkles, dark marks and red veins, there are many cosmetic treatments which can help you fight the ravages of time.
There isn’t any better way in life to convey something than to do it directly. Seek advice when you need more specific info or do not understand something.
Your personal consultation with your breast enhancement surgeon is an essential time to express your objectives as well as your expectations, that is, what you wish to achieve and just how you expect it will likely be achieved.
In advance of your consultation appointment or preliminary visit with your cosmetic breast enhancement surgeon, it may be beneficial to write down any queries you might have. Your own list will include questions about the breast enhancement surgery procedure that you are thinking about, in addition to questions about the provider’s qualifications and knowledge and experience. In this way, you’re less likely to miss anything. Take this checklist with you to each consultation. Write down important information that you might want to evaluate with subsequent health providers/surgeons and compare their specific answers.
You may also contact the practice following your appointment if you think of any new questions.
Your expectations should not only restricted to the outcome associated with the breast enhancement surgery procedure you have chosen, but also include the entire process, fromto final results.
Inform the physician what you are actually willing to go through in order to achieve your goals. Whilst you might be told that your expectations tend to be unrealistic, it doesn’t mean you can’t continue to follow your goals for breast enhancement surgery. It will mean that you need to re-evaluate what you are actually happy to experience and maybe settle for a little less.
You really need to understand not only what the breast enhancement surgery procedure and subsequent recuperation process fully entails, but also about cosmetic surgery in general too, such as the amount of time you require to recover. It is important to be fully aware about any conceivable complications too.
By the way, it is vital that you understand the risks and complications involved in breast enhancement surgery too:
1. Risks and complications of breast enhancement surgery.
2. What to expect at your consultation for breast enhancement surgery.