Do You Have a Double Chin? And Is It a Problem?
A double chin often goes hand in hand with a weight problem although not necessarily obese. And being overweight is often the route cause of poor self-esteem and a lack of self-confidence.
Making the decision to either lose enough weight to make a visible and noticeable difference to your jawline and to firm your neck and chin area is easy enough but putting the weight loss program into practice is another thing.
Diet and exercise is the natural way to lose excess body fat, but not necessarily enough on its own to get rid of double chin, and you may have heard about and be considering double chinor neck liposuction.
Methods for double chinpreviously included facelifts or chin tucks, and were often used when trying to lose double chins or just reduce double chins, but the recovery time was fairly slow and there were more side effects compared to the current more effective method of double chin removal using tumescent liposuction. Double chin cosmetic surgery also left more scarring than liposuction.
Double Chin Removal – Liposuction for Double Chin
The removal of a double chin or chins is now so much easier with tumescent liposuction. Double chin liposuction is performed using small cannulas or micro-cannula (no more than 2mm in diameter) and because the cannula is so small, only a minute incision is required in the skin through which it is to be inserted.
The recovery time for double chin liposuction is relatively quick therefore because a small incision takes less time to heal and leaves a smaller scar, which no doubt will be hidden anyway.
Double chin and neck liposuction, using the tumescent method, will not require a general– because the tumescent liposuction technique uses a solution of epinephrine to reduce bleeding and Lidocaine as an anaesthetic, the side effects and complications of double chin surgery are dramatically reduced.
As with most liposuction procedures, there will be some swelling and bruising but a compression garment will be provided and you will need to wear this for the specified time to speed your recovery.
Double Chin Liposuction Cost
Double chin liposuction can cost anywhere in the region of $1,500 to $5,000. It is not a cheap procedure, however it does give excellent results for those who have dieted and exercised and the neck area is resistant to both of these.
Always make sure that you get a quote from a reliable and experienced liposuction surgeon from a reputable liposuction clinic. Many liposuciton clinics will offer liposuction financing as part of the package if you require to make your payment in installments, but few health insurance companies include neck liposuction or liposuction for double chin reduction.
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As little as 20 years ago, it was believed that the speed and degree to which your complexion crinkled was based largely on your genetic inheritance. We now know differently.
Certain hereditary factors influence how your skin will age. You inherit your skin type. You may also inherit a familial tendency to eye bags, saddle bags, a double chin or any of the other expression lines which mark out the older face from a carefree young one. Your gender, too, will affect the rate at which time takes its toll. There is, as yet, nothing you can do to change the hand you were dealt at conception. However, the appropriate skincare regime and/or a few judiciously chosen cosmetic surgery procedures can help you to make the very best of what you were born with — and to keep it.
The effect of skin type
The type of skin you have determines both how your skin feels and how it behaves. As you may or may not know, your skin type forms the basis for the sort of skincare regime you might wish to follow and for what sun protection you should use. It also affects, but is not solely responsible for, how your skin will stand the test of time.
Generally speaking, pale skin tends to wrinkle more rapidly than darker skin. This is largely because a darker skin tends to have more surface lipids to seal it against moisture loss, and more melanin to protect itself. On the other hand, the manyusually seen on fine, fair skin tend to be the light, crinkly variety while the thicker and subcutis of the darker skin can sometimes mean its owner is more likely to develop fewer, but deeper, creases.
Wrinkles apart, other age-related changes, too, affect the different skin types: age spots, or brown spots may not be prevalent in paler skins that don’t produce much melanin, but dark and numerous in an olive-skinned person who has been exposed regularly to the sun.
The thicker skin with a heavier subcutis may also be more prone to skin sag which might explain why an olive-skinned man can lose the definition of his jawline, while his Celtic wife’s face, despite being traced with fine lines, remains firmly defined.
How wrinkles form
Unlike the skin on your body which lies in sheets over the muscle, the facial skin is knitted to the musculature beneath with fingers of muscle protruding up into the dermis. This gives the face its extraordinary range of expression: it allows us to laugh, frown, scowl, smile or raise our eyebrows. How and where your face folds or creases to allow for such movements is determined both by your genes and the facial habits you develop in your lifetime. When you are young the dermis is firm and elastic enough to snap back into place and the subcutis, too, immediately smoothes down into its normal resting shape.
As you age, however, the dermis loses its spring-back capacity and the subcutaneous layer of fat ceases to return to its smooth, even state. Eventually, usually around your 40s or 50s, the puckers can no longer iron out at all and lines are indelibly etched onto your face. These changes can be kept at bay with good skincare, but a sun-weakened dermis will cease to spring back into youthful shape much earlier than a well-protected one.
More of What’s Under Your Skin
You are literally covered in skin – in fact about 2 sq metres (21/2 sq yd) of it. It’s only about 4 mm (1/8 in) at its thickest, on the soles of your feet, but weighs in total about 4 kg (9 lbs), or 7 per cent of your total body weight.
Your skin protects your internal organs, lets your body breathe, and helps you resist bacteria and infection. It is not, however, simply an inert, squishy envelope which keeps all the really vital bits of your body together: your skin is, in fact, itself an organ. At its most basic level, it protects us but, like our other vital organs, it performs a number of exchange functions, absorbing what’s useful to us and secreting what is damaging. However, unlike your other organs, your skin is on permanent display. It is, literally and metaphorically, the face you show to the world. How our skin functions is of almost no day-to-day concern, not least because, for most of us, it does its job perfectly and unremarkably. The pressing concern most of us have is more superficial; we care about how our skin looks.
A clear, smooth, glowingly healthy complexion is the ideal that we all seek. Some of us are lucky enough to have it naturally, others have to actively pursue it. Whether you are trying to improve your complexion or just keep the one you’ve got, you’ll be better able to do so by understanding more of how your skin works, what it’s made up of, and what is actually happening when it starts to wrinkle or develop spots.
Your skin’s function
Your skin is your protective barrier to harmful external substances such as bacteria, foreign bodies, chemicals and UV light. It also helps to retain your water electrolytes and other essential body fluids.
Skin is your body’s heat regulator, cooling you with sweat when hot, and restricting the blood supply to the extremities when it is cold. And by sending out pain signals, it helps safeguard you from potentially fatal injury.
Your skin is made up of three distinct layers: the(top layer), the (the middle layer) and the subcutis (the bottom layer).
This is the highly metabolically active top layer in which skin cells and pigment are ‘manufactured’. The horny outer layer is the stratum corneum.
From their place of origin in the lower epidermis, new cells go on a month-long journey towards the surface. For the first two weeks, as they travel through the living epidermis, these cells are round, plump and with a fully functioning nucleus. But as they near the summit, they shriveland flatten out the nucleus begins to break down and they fillwith a tough protein called keratin. This process is called cornification. By the time the cells reach the surface they are flat, scaly, desiccated versions of their former selves. And as such, they are perfectly poised to fulfill their final role — that of protecting you from the outside world.
What you see when you look at your skin is the stratum corneum. It is made up from between 18 to 23 layers of these flat dry skin cells cemented together into a defensive wall by a cocktail of fatty compounds such as lipids, peptides, ceramides and sebum. The primary function of any skincare regime is to keep this wall as solid as possible. It is your best bet for great looking, problem-free skin. Unfortunately, however, the stratum corneum is relatively easily damaged — by the sun’s rays and also by the detergents and surfactants we use for cleansing.
As new cells push up to the skin’s surface from beneath, the dead scaly ones are invisibly sloughed off to form dust (or fodder for the dust mite). In your lifetime, you will make and lose on average several kg of skin. The process of shedding skin is called desquamation.
Also contained in the epidermis are the spidery-shaped melanocytes, which produce the skin’s natural pigment, melanin. Whatever our colouring or race, we all have a similar number of melanocytes. The difference lies in the amount of melanin each produces. Melanin is a dark treacley substance that is manufactured in response to ultraviolet assault. It migrates into individual cells to form a physical umbrella over the nucleus to protect it against sun damage. It is also a fabulously potent neutralizer of skin-ageing free radicals.
The more melanin you produce, the darker your skin and the better protected it is from ultraviolet damage. Very pale skin produces almost no melanin, or if it does, it tends to be a poor-quality variety (phaeomelanin) which often coagulates into all but useless clumps, or freckles. Black skin, on the other hand, produces copious amounts of really useful, and evenly distributed eumelanin. Nevertheless, even the darkest black skins are estimated to offer a natural sun protection factor () of only about 10.
This middle layer is deep and spongy containing collagen and elastin which acts like a supportive, elastic mattress to the epidermis. Up to 3 mm (1/8 in) thick, the dermis is your skin’s main foundation. It is an unseen supportive network that forms a firm resilent basis for what sits on top. About 95 per cent of the dermis is made up of collagen, the body’s wondrous shock asborber — found everywhere in the body from skin and muscles to tendons and cartilage.
Elastin makes up about 3 per cent of the dermis. As its name implies, it is a stretchy substance, its fibres arranged into springy coils which enables the skin to snap back into place after moving or being pulled.
Hair follicles sit in the depths of the dermis along with sebaceous (or oil) glands and sweat glands. Sebaceous glands are attached alongside the hair follicle, feeding off the same blood supply and using the hair shaft as a natural passageway to get sebum, the skin’s natural oil, up to the surface where it spreads out to form a good barrier against moisture loss. Sweat glands have a dual role: firstly, they work to extract excess salts and other toxins, using water to wash them away. Secondly, they help lower a hot body’s temperature by releasing liquid onto the skin which evaporates and reduces the heat. A variety of receptor corpuscles are situated in the dermis and are responsible for sensation — touch, vibration, pressure and warm and cold feelings.
The dermis supports and feeds the epidermis with all the nutrients, vitamins and chemicals it needs to produce an effective barrier. It runs the skin’s repair, immune and sensory systems, and produces sebum and sweat. It also protects your vital organs from UV damage and injury.
Consisting mainly of fat cells interspersed with blood vessels, bundles of nerve fibres and some fingers of muscle fibre, the subcutis acts as a protective cushion for what lies above and below. It also supports the blood vessels and muscle and nerve fibres. Its depth, not surprisingly, depends on how fat you are; it may be several centimetres deeper over your buttocks while over the eyelids it may be just a few cells thick.
As good as it gets
Frustratingly, this happy state of affairs when your skin glows with youthful clarity and vigour and requires nothing from you in return, persists only as long as you remain oblivious of it — from the age of six months through until the onset of puberty. However, the good news is that there is now an infinitely greater understanding of how and why the skin ages and what can be done to preserve its youthful condition. Keeping your skin looking as fantastic at 46 as it did at six may not be the sinecure it once was, but with careful preventive measures, and a few of the really effective cures currently becoming available, great-looking skin can be yours at any age.
Surgeons have been improving facial aesthetics for thousands of years, but until the nineteenth century these improvements were nothing more than an unexpected by-product of plastic surgery conducted to improve function. We can credit the ancient Egyptians, working as far back as 3000 BC, with the first attempts to repair facial trauma, though these experiments were largely disastrous. From here, the history fast-forwards to India, where the Hindu physician and author Sushruta, working in c. 600 BC, detailed the efforts of physicians to reconstruct earlobes and noses that had been severed as a punishment dished out by the Hindu justice system of the time.
Reconstructive surgery continued to develop and Is recorded through Roman times, but the practice fell dramatically out of favour during the Middle Ages. A rebirth in research came with the Renaissance, with texts written in Turkish Islamic and Italian which show a deepening understanding of the treatment of gynaecomastia (the presence of breast tissue in males) and nose reconstruction.
Reconstructive surgery seems to have taken until the end of the eighteenth century to reach Europe, at which point its history began a slow but constantly evolving progress, as techniques became refined and environments improved. However, attempts at cosmetic improvement remained a secondary consideration (and therefore aesthetically disastrous) for many years to come.
Cosmetic surgery as a discipline in its own right doesn’t begin to mature until the discovery ofin the middle of the nineteenth century. Thereafter, expanded at a tremendous rate and operations became increasingly safe, as surgeons could concentrate on surgery knowing that patients were not in pain and that they were being looked after by anaesthetists. Procedures such as facelifting, eyelid surgery, rhinoplasty, abdominoplasty and ear surgery were in development from the turn of the twentieth century. During this time, progress was slow and the procedures were done largely out of sight, because of the general lack of acceptance of this type of intervention.
Before the Second World War, cosmetic surgery was considered unethical and even immoral. Nevertheless, some plastic surgeons practised it in secret, even though most of them denied being involved in it in any way. Many ‘cosmetic surgeons’ during this time had no form of medical training and so simply practised what they thought was right, often inventing new procedures by experimenting on their patients. However unsavoury, this period created the foundations for what we now know as cosmetic surgery.
With the Second World War came huge advances in surgical techniques. Surgery as a whole experienced a vast expansion mainly owing to the lessons learned from the treatment of war injuries, but also thanks to the introduction of penicillin and better anaesthetics. Gradually, surgeons applied their experience in trauma and major surgery to cosmetic surgery; however, their efforts remained hidden because of the entrenched media and public hostility to intervention. In the fifties, cosmetic surgery was the preserve of the rich and famous, who wanted the aesthetic benefits surgery could bring but wanted their use of it to remain a secret. And where Hollywood stars led, the public slowly began to follow.
By the sixties, technological innovations in cosmetic surgery had come to the attention of the media, and public opinion began to shift. One development to have a big impact was the introduction of the silicone breast implant in 1962, which meant that the dream of increasing breast size became a tangible reality. Another important development that significantly improved the aesthetic possibilities of the field was the discovery that the endoscope (a sort of small telescope with a camera attached) could be used in cosmetic surgery to create operations that left only small scars on the skin’s surface. Perhaps the biggest impact on the public’s perception, however, came with the possibilities presented by the introduction in the eighties of liposuction, which rocketed to being the most popular surgical procedure available today.
The history of cosmetic procedures arguably began with the manipulation of botulinum toxin after its discovery in 1895. The next major development was the introduction of injectable collagen, which was followed by numerous other fillers and countless other procedures. Recently, the ability to manipulate laser and heat energy have meant that cosmetic procedures are now more sophisticated than ever.
Where Should You Begin?
You begin through defining your reasonable and realistic goals – what it is you would like cosmetic breast surgery to attain for you. Try to be specific, be realistic, and remain at ease and comfortable when discussing these goals.
Then go over your goals with a qualified provider – surgeon at a Board Certified Clinic. Discuss, listen, make notes, and ask lots of questions. If you don’t understand the answers that you are given, or even if you don’t feel comfortable with the supplier giving the responses, seek advice from an additional provider who again, is qualified.
At the start, this process might appear simplistic, but without a doubt it isn’t. There are numerous questions to ask, significant amounts of information to evaluate, choices to make and decisions to manage, and emotional as well as physical experiences to handle, all in understanding your goals as well as in defining exactly what is possible for you, personally. This whole experience is crucial for your safety and complete satisfaction with cosmetic breast surgery.
Maybe the most important element of successfulsurgery is to express your goals and also expectations, realistically, and also to have what can be realistically accomplished through breast surgical procedure defined to you by your provider. This is necessary to avoid an unfulfilled situation where the benefits of the breast surgical procedure do not fulfill your expectations.
If you’ve been referred for breast surgery to diagnose breast illness or disease, or happen to have already been diagnosed with breast disease, your primary and vital resource through your knowledge, will be your own main care provider associated with women’s health and who ought to be involved and available to you during your treatment period.
If you’re researching cosmetic breast surgery for yourself or for a friend, you will find the following articles of great interest:
What are? Breast implants are specialized medical products which are inserted, by means of surgery, into the patient’s body in order to:
• Enhance as well as increase the size of the breast and improve the overall shape in click here for more information about breast augmentation surgery;surgery;
• Bring back a far more regular look to a woman’s body that is possibly lacking a breast as a result of a hereditary anomaly or even birth defect. Breast implants were first introduced in the early 1960s in the USA, primarily pertaining to augmentation purposes. However, It was not until 1976 when breast augmentation implants were subject to United States FDA (Food and Drug Administration) regulations.
All breast augmentation implants that are in use at the present time in the U.S., are reviewed by the United States FDA Center for Devices and Radiological Health and have to be approved by the U.S. FDA. before use. All of the approved breast augmentation implants have an external covering of bio-compatible strong silicone rubber, which is of medical-grade.
• Breast implants sanctioned purely for augmentation or enlargement purposes contain only a saline solution which is sterile.
• Breast implants approved purely for reconstructive usage are filled with either silicone or saline.
Breast augmentation implants are operatively positioned via incisions in the patient’s body, either:
• Underneath existing breast tissue but over the top of the chest muscle tissues
• Underneath the muscles of the chest wall
• Underneath a flap of muscle tissue repositioned on the chest wall
When your skin is functioning at its best from 6 months to puberty:
- The stratum corneum is a smooth, tight wall of neat cells bound together by slippery ceramides and sebum – enough to keep the skin moist and supple, but not so much as to cause pore blockages and spots. Water is locked behind this wall and the passage of foreign invaders is blocked. The desquamation process is efficient with dead skin cells being easily and evenly shed so that your complexion looks and feels smooth.
- Your skin tone is bright because the fine, clear stratum comeum allows blood and colour to glow from below.
- The makes copious numbers of perfect new skin cells, and melanin is evenly distributed throughout it.
- Any damage done to the skin at this stage is quickly repaired: bits of damaged DNA are taken out and replacement parts are rapidly dispatched while any wounds are hastily repaired.
- Your subcutis is plump and even, giving your face and body the smooth, even contours of youth.
Through the ages – how your skin changes :
All skin goes through a natural aging process through the decades. Some of the changes are inevitable; others, happily, are perfectly preventable, and every woman is interested in preventing wrinkles forming, so being armed with the facts before they start can be a great help.
In your teens
Up until puberty, your skin should generally look bright and clear. But already the effects of ultraviolet light are even being indelibly etched onto your epidermal blueprint, but the damage won’t become apparent for some years yet — if at all — provided you start wearing SPF15 every day.
As adolescence strikes, however, those pesky hormones which are responsible for the dramatic changes throughout your body, also boost the production of the natural skin oil, sebum.
Thought to be a primeval protective response to impending adulthood, a more negative side-effect of this increased oil is the dreaded spots.
As the sebum flows freely from the sebaceous glands, dead skin cells adhere to it and the skin and hair pores get blocked up. An uninfected blocked pore is a blackhead, while ones infected with bacteria become red raised pimples or whiteheads. You can help prevent spots by washing your face with specialist over-the-counter washes (look for ones containing salicylic acid or benzoylperoxide), but if the spots become a real worry, consult a dermatologist for specialist acne treatment.
Despite the increased oil and subsequent spots, cell generation is still running at its all time high of about a 28-day turnover during your teens. Theis still plump, and its collagen and elastin are still perfectly cross linked and coiled.
In your 20s
Your twenties should be another reasonably stable time for your skin. By now any teenage spots should have subsided. (If not seek specialist treatment.) You probably won’t have any visible facial lines, but if you look in the mirror as you talk, laugh or scowl you will see where your ‘expression’ lines will form. Your stratum corneum may be slightly less even and marginally thicker as dead skin cells aren’t being shed quite as successfully. However, your epidermis is still plump and should hold up well — provided you keep it well protected, Turnover of new cells, however, may have slowed slightly from its 28-day peak.
If you are wearing sun-filtering day creams your skin is protected, but if not it is in your dermis that the greatest changes are taking place. The daily wear-and-tear wrought by UVA radiation could now be taking the bounce and spring out of your collagen bundles and elastin coils. Production of collagen is slowing, the bundles are less uniformly cross linked, elastin coils less tightly sprung.
In your 30s
Your complexion starts to lose some of its youthful bloom as cell turnover slows and the stratum corneum fills with desiccated cells. A cosmetic alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) preparation or a stronger dermatologist-prescribed one will soon get you glowing again.
The epidermal cells are suffering more mutations picked up through environmental damage, although signs of this damage may not yet be visible. If you haven’t worn them yet, then starting to use highday creams now will not only keep any further deterioration at bay, but can actually give your skin a chance to do some repair work.
Your dermis is beginning to lose some of its volume and bounce: collagen fibres are no longer as efficiently meshed and the elastin coils aren’t quite as tight. Moreover, as you smile and frown, the fat of the subcutis is pushed into trenches. Gradually, it becomes less likely to return to its original smooth shape — and the-dreadedstart to form. However, they are a good few years away yet and the way that cosmetic dermatology is advancing there will be even more options for reducing wrinkles than already exist.
In your 40s
Sebum production is markedly reduced, which is a boon for people with oily skins. If your skin was always normal to dry, you will benefit from some of the highly efficient moisturizers that are now available. A good moisturizer can do wonders to plump up fine dry lines and generally make your complexion look fresher and brighter. Also many of today’s skin rehydrators are exceedingly light in texture so are very comfortable to wear.
Your stratum corneum is becoming thicker as more dead skin cells linger long after their useful life. Some light exfoliation will help, as will AHA preparations. If you feel you need to turn time back, rather than just slowing it down, you might like to investigate the wrinkle-smoothing powers of some of the retinoid (vitamin-A derivative cream) preparations,
Darker patches of skin appear where abnormal melanin clumps form, but these can be lightened with topical preparations or will eventually fade if fully protected. Expression lines may now be permanently etched onto your face. Your laughter lines should be a welcome reminder of good times past, but to soften a deeply entrenched frown line, an injection ofor a syringe full of Hyalan gel will do the trick.
Tiny dilated, ‘spider’ or thread veins, may become visible as your weaker dermis is less able to hold firm the walls of the blood vessels which meander through it. These can be temporarily covered with make-up or permanently removed with lasers.
For as yet unknown reasons, the cells which until now produced your hair colour, cease to do so.
In your 50s
This is the decade during which, if you haven’t been using regular sunscreens, earlier sun damage really becomes apparent. If the discovery that ultraviolet rays, and not the natural ageing process, are to blame for many of the changes has come too late for you, be reassured that you can still give your skin a chance of repairing itself by using SPF1 5 daily. It will help to slow down the formation of wrinkles, ‘age’ spots, spider veins and also the benign solar keratoses growths which often proliferate in this decade. If it’s cure rather than prevention you’re after, the new generation of cosmeceuticals can deliver impressive results, or you could opt for the more dramatic improvement given by laser treatment.
The effects of the menopause become apparent: decreased oestrogen slows the production of sebum further contributing to skin dryness. But many women find HRT or alternative remedies are a great boon to the appearance of their skin, hair and nails as well as to their general health and wellbeing.
In your 60s, 70s and beyond
The hormonal fluctuations which dogged your menopausal years are over and your skin enters a welcome period of relative stability. If you have regularly shielded your skin from UV rays, you will be enjoying a complexion that is smoother, brighter and less mottled than your sun-seeking counterparts. If not, and you are suffering from rucks, wrinkles, dark marks and red veins, there are many cosmetic treatments which can help you fight the ravages of time.
There isn’t any better way in life to convey something than to do it directly. Seek advice when you need more specific info or do not understand something.
Your personal consultation with your breast enhancement surgeon is an essential time to express your objectives as well as your expectations, that is, what you wish to achieve and just how you expect it will likely be achieved.
In advance of your consultation appointment or preliminary visit with your cosmetic breast enhancement surgeon, it may be beneficial to write down any queries you might have. Your own list will include questions about the breast enhancement surgery procedure that you are thinking about, in addition to questions about the provider’s qualifications and knowledge and experience. In this way, you’re less likely to miss anything. Take this checklist with you to each consultation. Write down important information that you might want to evaluate with subsequent health providers/surgeons and compare their specific answers.
You may also contact the practice following your appointment if you think of any new questions.
Your expectations should not only restricted to the outcome associated with the breast enhancement surgery procedure you have chosen, but also include the entire process, fromto final results.
Inform the physician what you are actually willing to go through in order to achieve your goals. Whilst you might be told that your expectations tend to be unrealistic, it doesn’t mean you can’t continue to follow your goals for breast enhancement surgery. It will mean that you need to re-evaluate what you are actually happy to experience and maybe settle for a little less.
You really need to understand not only what the breast enhancement surgery procedure and subsequent recuperation process fully entails, but also about cosmetic surgery in general too, such as the amount of time you require to recover. It is important to be fully aware about any conceivable complications too.
By the way, it is vital that you understand the risks and complications involved in breast enhancement surgery too:
1. Risks and complications of breast enhancement surgery.
2. What to expect at your consultation for breast enhancement surgery.
Women of every age group, all races, just about all levels of income, and all levels of intelligence have breast surgery, whether it be for medical reasons or for aesthetic reasons.. There is no single factor that defines all patients who have breast surgery. In fact, women are not the only breast surgery patients; guys can undergo breast surgery as well.
Females who opt forsurgery (the particular surgical placement of to enhance both the size and shape of the breasts) are not only among celebrities seen in the media.
In fact, the majority of the women who opt for breast augmentation surgery are wishing to restore breast volume lost following pregnancy and breast-feeding. As indeed are women who choose breast surgery to reduce the size of their overly large breasts.
Most women with exceptionally large bosoms are not, in reality, obese nor usually even overweight. The size of a woman’s breasts is generally determined by parentage and heredity. As is the way a woman’s breasts age – not by level of fitness, but determined more by heredity. A really fit and active woman with poor skin elasticity will find that, over a period of time, that her breasts change and start to point downwards instead of outwards.
Not all women who go through breast surgery to deal with breast disease, are post-menopausal, nor are they necessarily women who lack a healthy way of living. They are of every age group and some are the epitome of fitness and well-being.
Not all of them are severely disfigured nor debilitated by the surgical procedures nor by the results of disease and indeed, nor by approved and prescribed treatment. More often than not, these particular women are happy and content with their lives and have a positive mind-set. They do not disguise their condition; they will share their experiences and encounters and support others. Women who elect to reconstruct one or both of their breasts, lost or disfigured trhough breast illness, are not ungrateful for their treatment, but are generally grateful for the chance to feel complete and are also usually optimistic about being able to lead a normal life.
Men who choose to have cosmetic breast surgery tend to be those who are clinically identified as having breast disease, or some even choose to undergo surgery. Elective breast surgery for men is generally to improve and correct the condition known as gynecomastia (which is the unwanted growth of man mammary glands) utilizing a type of surgical procedure that achieves a far more masculine appearance to what was initially overly large male breasts. Whilst the issue of breast surgical procedures for men is a crucial one, it warrants a focus all of its own, because many of women’s and men’s health issues vary so greatly.
This article is not written for or about the women who have had cosmetic breast surgery. Rather, it is aimed at any women who are interested in, desire, or have been prescribed or recommended to undergo any kind of cosmetic breast surgery procedure. In addition, it is for those who love and support those women too.
Before you go ahead however, consider the following information:
1. Cosmetic breast surgery – risks and complications
2. Cosmetic breast surgery – breast implants or the ‘internal bra system’
The genetically determined rate at which your skin ages is known as intrinsic ageing. But there is a far more powerful force in the aging equation: the sun. There are few among us who don’t grumble about getting old, too soon. In terms of your skin, the complaint is very valid because the sun’s rays do indeed age your skin faster than time alone can. Its ultraviolet and infrared rays irradiate bits of DNA and cause thermal injury. The destruction itself and the concentration of effort required to repair it, speeds up the natural ageing process many times over. Skin which is sun-damaged beyond its years is referred to as prematurely-aged or photo-damaged.
In fact, some dermatologists go far as to say that up to 80 per cent of aging signs are due to photo-damage while others, myself included, are reluctant to put such a figure on it. There is absolutely no doubt that the sun prematurely ages the skin, but I feel that we do not yet know enough to specifically quantify the extent of that acceleration.
The sun emits rays of varying wavelengths.
Physicists divide its ultraviolet rays into:
- A – the longer, more lethargic length,
- B – which are shorter and more energetic, and
- C – which are so frenetic that it has the power to mutate the DNA of all living things. (Happily, the ozone layer still filters out almost all UVC since if much of it got through it would actually threaten life on earth.)
Both UVA and UVB reach the earth’s surface and are a menace to our skin. UVB is often called the ‘burning’ ray as it is primarily responsible for the visible and sometimes very painful effects of sunburn. It also dries out your skin and most importantly increases your risk of skin cancer.
UVA is often known as the ‘ageing’ ray because it generally causes the wrinkling and sagging that, as little as 15 years ago, were thought of as the natural, and inevitable part of the ageing process.
Free radicals — aging menace to your skin
They may sound like the scare-mongering pseudo-scientific invention of a cosmetics’ marketeer but free radicals are a real, destructive force in the everyday life of every cell of your body. A free radical, also known as a radical oxide, is a rogue molecule created during the natural cell oxidation process. Devoid of a crucial electron, it will endeavour to wrest one from wherever it can, often tearing apart healthy body cells in the process. When it does so, it creates more electron-missing molecules and so a vicious circle of damage begins. A certain number of free radicals in the body is perfectly normal. Indeed, some help to combat bacteria, fight malignant cells, and can dilate blood vessels and affect blood clotting. But many are highly destructive and can irreversibly damage nucleic acids, proteins, lipids and the skin’s connective tissues.
Our bodies are well equipped to fight off these vicious molecules with natural antioxidants such as superoxide dismutase, glutathione and melanin. It can also get help from vitamins A, C and E which give up their electrons for the greater good of our cells. But when the number of free radicals overwhelms the available electrons, healthy cells are the victims. Free radical damage makes the cells more vulnerable to degenerative diseases, not just of our skin, but of all body tissues. Much of today’s disease and anti-ageing research is now focused on the preventive effects of a diet rich in antioxidant vitamins.
Under the sun, or in a toxic environment radical production in the skin is vastly accelerated. It is estimated, however, that as little as 1 per cent of the vitamins that we take in make it through to our skin and for this reason dermatologists and cosmetic scientists are attempting to boost our skin’s free radical scavenging power by applying antioxidant vitamins directly to the skin.
In fact, in France, a recently completed satellite study of the government sponsored Supplementation Vitamin and Mineral Antioxidant trial revealed that antioxidant vitamins applied to the skin help to defend the skin against free radical damage. The results showed that vitamins applied to the skin gave it such efficient protection, that it was able to go about its natural repair process unchallenged by further assault. The net result is that not only does skin not deteriorate, but it actually improves as damage already done is, to a degree, undone.
Two of the most common ways of locating a qualified provider to perform your plastic surgery breast enhancement, include your own research and a doctor’s referral.
The best and most effective method is clearly to combine these two methods.
You must also take into account the influence that many physicians who advertise plastic surgery breast enhancement procedures, will no doubt have. If you are thinking about having a plastic surgery operation, hopefully, you won’t find nor indeed search for a provider/surgeon by responding to special offers or discount advertisements. Although advertising and marketing the business of plastic surgery is an acceptable and common practice, it may not explain the whole story to you.
It is therefore vital that you always verify a provider’s credentials and attempt to seek out some kind of referral or recommendation to that physician.
A referral by a reliable and trusted physician, a friend or family member is a good starting point in finding the surgeon to perform your plastic surgery breast enhancement procedure.
Additionally, referral services are available from many hospital and university-based medical clinics and centers. And even if your recommendation comes from a trusted physician who is qualified to treat disease, ensure that you make your final selection for a surgeon based on analysis and research of credentials, affiliations, and the suitability of the treatment relative to such a provider’s experience and credentials.
Nowadays, most people do at least some, if not all of their research, on the Internet. Whilst searching the internet for a suitable surgeon to perform your plastic surgery breast enhancement procedure, you should perhaps first consider checking the directories of the medical societies and professional organizations that support physicians qualified to perform not only plastic surgery but breast surgery also.
Directories or referral services are available online through most of these groups.
Besides these medical boards and professional societies, you need to be mindful and even cautious of the sources you select for your research. The websites that appear at the top of the results list on a search of “breast surgery” are not automatically the most credible and reputable sources of information.
Many physician lists, physician finder sites, directories, or listing services which are available online can be services which require subscription by the physician – basically a list where the physician has to pay a fee in order to be listed – and there may well be no specific requirements nor verification of qualifications and credentials necessary in order to be on that list. You should therefore always verify the provider’s credentials yourself.
When you have verified a surgeon’s board certification, training, affiliations, and level of knowldege and experience, you should then verify the accreditation or licensing of the center or facility where your plastic breast surgery enhancement procedure is to be performed.
Useful contacts for your research of Physician Online Directories of Qualified Plastic Surgery Breast Augmentation Providers:
The American Society of Plastic Surgeons: www.plasticsurgery.org
The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery: www.surgery.org
The American College of Surgeons: www.facs.org
Useful reading matter: